TYRINGHAM (TERRINGHAM), Arthur (c.1585-1642), of Hollowes, North Crawley, Bucks. and Whitehall; later of Plas Newydd, Llanidan, Anglesey
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Family and Education
b. c.1585, 2nd s. of Sir Anthony Tyringham* (d.1614) of Tyringham, Bucks., and Elizabeth, da. of Sir Robert Throckmorton of Weston Underwood, Bucks.1 educ. Magdalen Coll. Oxf. 1600, aged 16; M. Temple 1600.2 m. c.1639, Magdalen, da. and coh. of Sir Richard Trevor† of Trevalyn, Gresford, Denb., wid. of Arthur Bagnall of Plas Newydd, s.p.3 kntd. 17 July 1617.4 d. by 18 Mar. 1642.5
Member, embassy to Venice 1616.9
MP [I] 1634-5.15
Tyringham was given the manor of Hollowes by his father in 1612, but soon afterwards acquired a post at Court and does not seem to have lived there permanently.16 He was nominated for a seat at Brackley in 1614 by (Sir) John Egerton†, who assured the corporation:
Out of my long familiar acquaintance I dare affirm [him] to be of that discretion and integrity as neither I shall have cause to be sorry to have nominated him unto you nor you to repent of the election of so well-qualified a gentleman to serve in this Parliament.17
Tyringham’s only contribution to debate was on 25 May to rebuke his fellow-courtier Sir Walter Chute for retailing news from Court.18 He was appointed to committees to consider two bills, one for the recovery of small debts (11 May) and the other to confirm a decree in Chancery made by Egerton’s father establishing copyhold fines on the Buckinghamshire manor of Winslow (31 May).19
It is unlikely that Tyringham stood for the English Parliament again. In 1616 he sold Hollowes and accompanied the second embassy of Sir Henry Wotton* to Venice.20 He appears to have attached himself to the interests of Dudley Carleton*, with whom he regularly corresponded for a year or two.21 However, he returned to England in time to accompany the royal progress to Scotland in 1617, and while on this tour received £12 and a knighthood for his share in investigating a Jesuit who claimed knowledge of a plot to assassinate the king.22 He finally abandoned Court life in 1624, and early the following year he was sent to Ireland in charge of a newly raised company of foot.23 In 1626 he was made governor of Newry. He represented this borough at Dublin in 1634-5, at about which time he also became a privy councillor in Ireland. After unsuccessfully requesting a share in the new plantation of Connaught in lieu of sums owed by the Crown,24 he married a wealthy Welsh widow in around 1639, and became the guardian of her son Nicholas Bagnall†.25 At the trial of the earl of Strafford (Sir Thomas Wentworth*) he gave evidence for the defence,26 before returning to Ireland on the outbreak of the rebellion.27 On 18 Mar. 1642 it was reported that he had died either of wounds or disease in the defence of Lisburn.28 No will has been found. The next member of the family to sit was his nephew Thomas, who represented Buckinghamshire between 1660 and 1678.
Ref Volumes: 1604-1629
Authors: Virginia C.D. Moseley / Rosemary Sgroi
- 1. Lipscomb, Bucks. iv. 337, 400.
- 2. Al. Ox.; M. Temple Admiss.
- 3. PROB 11/182, f. 56; C142/565/185.
- 4. Shaw, Knights of Eng. ii. 163.
- 5. HMC Ormonde, ii. 5.
- 6. E407/1/40, 41; PRO 30/26/186.
- 7. CSP Ire. 1625-32, p. 225.
- 8. Ibid. 1633-47, p. 117.
- 9. APC, 1615-16, p. 554; 1616-17, p. 177.
- 10. AO1/291/1093.
- 11. CPR Ire. Chas.I, 167; CSP Ire. 1625-32, pp. 624, 644.
- 12. C231/5, pp. 367, 514.
- 13. C181/5, f. 185.
- 14. HEHL, EL7443.
- 15. CSP Ire. 1633-47, p. 64.
- 16. VCH Bucks. iv. 329.
- 17. Northants. RO, E(B) 574 (Egerton to Brackley corp. 13 Mar. 1614).
- 18. Procs. 1614 (Commons), 342.
- 19. Ibid. 206, 393.
- 20. Life and Letters of Sir Henry Wotton ed. L. Pearsall Smith, i. 145; ii. 122n, 480.
- 21. CSP Dom. 1611-18, p. 485.
- 22. J. Nichols, Progs. of Jas. I, iii. 367; Life and Letters of Sir Henry Wotton, ii. 118; APC, 1616-17, p. 357.
- 23. SP63/239/6A&7; CSP Dom. 1623-5, p. 506.
- 24. CSP Ire. 1625-32, pp. 435, 612.
- 25. CSP Dom. 1639-40, p. 165; Cal. Wynn Pprs. 265.
- 26. CSP Dom. 1640-1, p. 541.
- 27. CSP Ire. 1633-47, p. 345; HMC 5th Rep. 413.
- 28. HMC Ormonde, ii. 5.