The Parliament of 1624

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604-1629, ed. Andrew Thrush and John P. Ferris, 2010
Available from Cambridge University Press

The Parliament of 1624


Date of writs of election: 30 Dec. 16231

Session dates:

12 Feb. 1624 (adjourned)

16 Feb. 1624 (adjourned due to the death of the duke of Richmond and Lennox)2

19 Feb.-25 Mar. 1624 (adjourned for Easter)3

1 Apr.-5 May 1624 (adjourned for Ascension Day)4

7 May-15 May 1624 (adjourned for Whitsun)5

19 May-29 May 1624 (adjourned and prorogued)6

Dissolved by the death of the king 27 Mar. 1625

Although James had sworn never to summon another Parliament, developments on the Continent once again forced him to reconsider his position. During the course of 1622 most of the Palatinate not already in Spanish hands was overrun. In consequence the Spanish Match assumed a new importance, for as well as being seen as a panacea for the royal finances it was now regarded at Court as essential if the Palatinate were to be restored. By early 1623 the negotiations were at an advanced stage, and it was therefore with high hopes that Prince Charles, accompanied by the marquess of Buckingham, arrived unannounced in Madrid in March. Though he refused to convert to Catholicism himself, Charles agreed to bring up his children in the Catholic faith and to cause his father to suspend the penal laws against recusants in England. However the negotiations were dealt a fatal blow in August after the Spanish declared that restoration of the Palatinate would be conditional on the Elector Palatine agreeing to marry his eldest son to the daughter of his enemy the Holy Roman Emperor and sending him to Vienna to be raised in the Catholic faith. Charles was furious, as his sister Elizabeth and her husband the Elector could not be expected to agree to such humiliating terms. When it became apparent that the Emperor himself knew nothing of this plan, Charles realized that the Spanish had no intention of ever returning