HAWARDE, (HAYWARD), Sir William (c.1617-1704), of Tandridge Hall, Surr.
Available from Boydell and Brewer
Family and Education
b. c.1617, 3rd s. of John Hawarde† (d.1631) of the Inner Temple and Tandridge, being 1st s. by 2nd w. Elizabeth, da. of William Angell, Fishmonger, of London, wid. of William Watts of the Middle Temple. educ. I. Temple 1635. m. 4 Sept. 1643 (with £1,250) Martha (d.1689), da. of John Acton, Goldsmith, of London and Elmley Lovett, Worcs., 4s. (1 d.v.p.) 6da. Kntd. 9 Sept. 1643.1
Gent. of the privy chamber 1641-6, June 1660-1702; trustee for sale of fee-farm rents 1670-3.2
J.p. Surr. July 1660-at least 1685, commr. for assessment Aug. 1660-80, corporations 1662-3, loyal and indigent officers 1662, oyer and terminer, Home circuit 1665, inquiry, Richmond Park 1671, rebuilding of Southwark 1677.3
Capt. Duke of Richmond’s Horse 1666-7.
Hawarde’s grandfather, a London Fishmonger, began acquiring property in and around Tandridge early in the reign of Elizabeth. His father, a lawyer, represented Bletchingley, four miles away, in the last two Parliaments of James I. Hawarde bought out his elder half-brother just before the Civil War, and became master of an estate of £600 p.a., including some of the burgages. As a courtier, he attended the King at Oxford and gave financial assistance, but was never in arms. He was fined £437 14s. at the rate of one-sixth, and remained under suspicion during the Interregnum. Later he claimed to have lost £10,000 by his loyalty.4
Hawarde was returned for Bletchingley in 1661 at the top of the poll. He was a moderately active Member of the Cavalier Parliament, in which he was appointed to about 70 committees, including those for the uniformity bill and the additional corporations bill. He was listed as a court dependant in 1664, and appointed to the committees for the five mile bill in 1665 and the continuance of the Conventicles Act in 1669. He was regarded as one of Ormonde’s friends at this time, and included in the opposition list of court supporters. In A Seasonable Argument he was described as ‘a commissioner in the sale of the fee-farm rents, by which he got £2,000; a privy chamber man, and a grant of £2,000 in money’. He was appointed to the committee to consider the claim of privilege brought by Sir Thomas Byde against the board of green cloth in 1674. His name appeared on the Paston list, the working lists, and the list of government supporters prepared by Sir Richard Wiseman at the end of the following year, and Shaftesbury marked him ‘thrice vile’. Dugdale, his successful rival for appointment as Garter King of Arms in 1677, described him as ‘a person well accomplished with learning, especially in honour and arms’. He was probably a strong churchman, acting as teller on the third reading of the bill to provide for the better repair of churches. He was on both lists of the court party in 1678, and was teller against the sixth paragraph of the address for the removal of evil counsellors on 10 May. He claimed never to have received a penny for 30 years in the service of the crown, and to be ‘threatened with ruin on the rising of this Parliament’. He sold his estate in 1681 in exchange for an interest in the Broken Wharf waterworks, which he expected to bring in £300 p.a. He was buried at St. James, Piccadilly on 28 July 1704. Nothing is known of his descendants.5
Ref Volumes: 1660-1690
Author: J. S. Crossette
- 1. Vis. Surr. (Harl. Soc. lx), 58; Vis. London (Harl. Soc. xv), 4.
- 2. Carlisle, Privy Chamber, 144, 167, 197, 204; Cal. Treas. Bks. iii. 680; xviii. 27.
- 3. Manning and Bray, Surr. i. 36; Cal. Treas. Bks. iii. 1161.
- 4. W. P. Baildon, Hawardes of Tandridge, passim; Cal. Comm. Comp. 1238; Surr. Arch. Colls. xiv. 187; CSP Dom. 1671-2, p. 54.
- 5. Life of Dugdale, 32; CJ, ix. 417; CSP Dom. 1671-2, p. 54; U. Lambert, Bletchingley, i. 215; HMC Lords, iv. 323-5; Westminster City Lib. St. James Piccadilly par. reg.