CROWLEY, John (1689-1728), of Barking, Suff.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. R. Sedgwick, 1970
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1722 - 1727
1727 - 2 Jan. 1728

Family and Education

b. 3 Nov. 1689, s. of Sir Ambrose Crowley, M.P., alderman of London, by Mary, da. and h. of Charles Owen of London. m. (settlement 7 Dec. 1715) Theodosia, da. of Rev. Joseph Gascoyne of Enfield, Mdx. and Barking, Suff., 2s. 4da. suc. fa. 1713.

Offices Held

Alderman, London 1727.


Crowley inherited from his father the Crowley Iron Works in Durham, probably the biggest in the country. One of his sisters married Humphrey Parsons, another Sir John Hynde Cotton; of his daughters, one married the 2nd Earl of Ashburnham, another Sir William Stanhope, and the third Charles Boone. In September 1715 he was arrested on suspicion of being an active Jacobite, but he was soon released. During the Gyllenborg plot in 1716-17 (see Caesar, Charles), he was said to have offered £20,000 for the Pretender’s service.1 Regarded as one of the London Jacobites,2 he was returned in 1722 and 1727, speaking, 26 Oct. 1722, against a motion for increasing the army. He died 2 Jan. 1728, leaving £70,000 to be divided between his children.3

Ref Volumes: 1715-1754

Author: Eveline Cruickshanks


  • 1. E. Hughes, N. Country Life in 18th Cent. 409; HMC Stuart, ii. 59; iii. 160.
  • 2. Stuart mss 60/144.
  • 3. PCC 6 Brook.