LEMON, Charles (1784-1868), of Carclew, Cornw.

Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986
Available from Boydell and Brewer



1807 - 1812
1830 - 1831
1831 - 1832
1832 - 1841
16 Feb. 1842 - 1857

Family and Education

b. 30 Sept. 1784, 2nd but o. surv. s. of Sir William Lemon, 1st Bt.*, of Carclew by Jane, da. of James Buller of Morval, Cornw. educ. Harrow 1798-1803; Christ Church, Oxf. 1803. m. 5 Dec. 1810, Lady Charlotte Anne Fox Strangways, da. of Henry Thomas Fox Strangways, 2nd Earl of Ilchester, 2s. 1da. all d.v.p. suc. fa. as 2nd Bt. 11 Dec. 1824.

Offices Held

Sheriff, Cornw. 1827-8; dep.-warden of the stannaries 1852.

Cornet, Dorset yeoman cav. 1813.


Soon after he came of age, Lemon served his parliamentary apprenticeship, sitting for Penryn on the interest of a family friend, Lord de Dunstanville. He seems to have enjoyed freedom of action and, as the Marquess of Buckingham predicted, chose to act with opposition.1 On 6 July 1807 he voted with them for a committee on the state of the nation, as ‘Captain Lemon’. He divided with them on 3 Mar. 1808 against the orders in council and on the 14th against the mutiny bill. On 5 and 11 May 1808 his votes indicated that he was favourable to Catholic claims. Lord Auckland believed that ‘Mr Lemon’ was going to Spain as one of the young volunteers in the revolt against Buonaparte.2 It was from 1810 onwards that he became a sufficiently regular voter with the Whigs to be listed by them in that year as a ‘present supporter’. His marriage confirmed his loyalties and on most major issues until the dissolution he voted with them. He voted for parliamentary reform, 21 May 1810, though he could not be rallied to an extra-parliamentary meeting to promote constitutional reform in 1811. On 24 Apr. 1812 he voted for Catholic relief and on 21 May for a stronger administration. No speech is known.

Whether his conduct proved unsatisfactory to his patron, who generally supported administration, or whether because the seat was to have been for one Parliament only, Lemon was not returned again in 1812. Robert Ward reported, 19 Apr. 1812, of a dinner at Ryder’s, ‘Some Cornish politics, in which it was said that none of the Lemons would be returned in the next Parliament’.3 He remained out of Parliament until 1830, by which time he had succeeded to his inheritance and the safe prospect of a county seat. He died 13 Feb. 1868, ‘a thorough Whig of the old school of politics’.4

Ref Volumes: 1790-1820

Author: R. G. Thorne


  • 1. Fremantle mss, box 46, Buckingham to Fremantle, 16 June 1807.
  • 2. HMC Fortescue, ix. 212.
  • 3. Phipps, Plumer Ward Mems. i. 478.
  • 4. Gent. Mag. (1868), 389.